|Distribution||Western Africa, Sudan and Ethiopia|
DESCRIPTION OF THE SPECIES
They live in open areas, both wetlands and drier ones; however, they prefer the marshes with fresh water, meadows and shores of water bodies. They are active during the daytime. When it is not a breeding season, they gather in flocks, often the large ones; but with the beginning of the rainy season, the birds make couples and stay apart guarding their territory, not only from other cranes, but also from other birds, like ducks and geese. The body plumage is dark, almost black. There are bright red spots on the white cheeks, and there is no throat pouch, and these are the main differences from the grey crowned crane. Both the black crowned crane and the grey crowned crane differ from other cranes with the long hind digit on the legs, which allows the bird to easily hold on the branches of trees or shrubs. Black crowned crane readily uses this advantage and often waits till the danger is over on the trees. Black crowned cranes build their nests from grass, placing them on the ground. The species is in the IUCN Red List as vulnerable (VU).
They eat both animal and vegetable food
20 years and more