|Distribution||Indonesia (initial habitat).|
DESCRIPTION OF THE SPECIES
Zebu differs from European cow with a hump on the shoulders, which is sometimes covered with hair on edges, and with dewlaps between the fore legs. The body length is up to 200cm. The height at the shoulder is 90-140cm. The weight is 80-400kg (depending on the breeds). There are 75 breeds of zebu in the world (including Indian, Caucasian, small decorative and others.) They live in the regions with tropical and subtropical climate. Although zebu originates from Indonesia, they are currently living half-wild in Africa, India, Azerbaijan, and even Brazil. They were brought to Africa and Madagascar several centuries ago, most probably, for rituals. Zebu is a domesticated subspecies of a wild bull, which once lived on the territory of the Indian subcontinent. Unlike European cow, zebu is not a descendant of aurochs (wild European cattle), it is a separate branch that broke away nearly 300,000 years ago. According to some features, zebus are close to the largest modern wild bovine – the gaur.
10 years and longer (depending on the breed).