|Distribution||North of Japan.|
DESCRIPTION OF THE SPECIES
It is a relatively large macaque. The height of the males is 80-95cm, the weight is 12-14kg; the females are smaller and lighter. They have red skin and thick, dark-gray fur with the brownish tint, which covers the whole body except the muzzle, hands and posterior. Japanese macaques are rightfully considered the most northern monkey in the world. Unlike many other primates, they are not afraid of the water, and they even often and gladly swim like the dogs. In the north of Japan, where the snow may lie for up to 4 months per year and the average winter temperature is −5 °С, these monkeys are often bathing in hot springs.
They eat leaves, fruits, plant roots, insects, small vertebrates and bird eggs.
Approximately 15-18 years. The record of 19 years and 3 months was set in the San Diego zoo (USA). The data about Japanese macaques, which lived for more than 25 years, are considered unreliable.