|Distribution||China, Russian, Taiwan, North Vietnam, Korea, Japan.|
DESCRIPTION OF THE SPECIES
The sika deer is a large artiodactyl (even-toed) mammal with typical “deer” appearance. The body length is 160-180cm, the height at the shoulder is 95-112cm. The antlers length is 90-120cm. They weigh 75-130kg (the males are larger than females, whose weight is 80-85kg). In summer, their colouration is reddish-brown with white spots. In winter, it is dark-gray and there is a mane of long hair on the neck. These deer have a “mirror:” the clear light spot on the seat, which helps them not to lose each other in a dense forest. The sika deer has a small white rump with black edging situated under the tail. The antlers of adult males are large, with numerous tines. Their eyes are glowing red or orange at night. In summer, their colouration resembles the one of the fallow deer, but they differ with larger size and form of antlers. The antlers of fallow deer are shovel-shaped, while the antlers of the sika deer (only in males) are branchy and thinner than the red deer’s ones. The species is widely spread all over Europe (including Ukraine), as was also brought to Australia (in semi-free conditions) and New Zealand.
They eat herbaceous plants, fallen acorns, nuts and fruits, leaves of trees and bushes, mushrooms and berries; in winter, they also eat bark, buds and sprouts, sometimes needles.
15 years on average