Version for the visually impaired


Apex predators – cats
Class Mammals
Order Хищные
Family Кошачьи
Distribution Africa, India

A large cat. The male’s body length is 190-210cm, tail length is up to 110cm. Lionesses are smaller than lions, their body length is 30cm shorter on average. Males are 85-120cm in height. Fur covering the body and legs is short and yellowish, sometimes with faint spots. Lions are famous for their sexual dimorphism: the head, neck, chest and partly belly of males are covered with long shaggy hair (mane) of light-yellow to black colour. Among all representatives of felines, it is possible to easily distinguish a male from a female thanks to the height and thick mane. Lions are the only cats living in social groups – prides – of 10-15 animals. Females of different age form a pride, because they are the main providers of prey. The function of males is in procreation and territory protection. It is a vulnerable species. The total count of all African subspecies is 200,000-250,000 animals. The rarest of them are Senegal and Katanga lions. Barbary and Cape lions are not found in the wildlife, but it is possible to meet them in zoos

Predator. Favourite food: antelopes, gazelles, zebras, common warthogs. It also attacks young elephants, rhinoceroses, hippopotamuses. Moreover, lions hunt birds and other small animals of savannahs. They take away prey from leopards, cheetahs and hyenas
10-15 years in nature, up to 20 and more in zoos