|Distribution||Bred in the mountains of South America (the Andes).|
DESCRIPTION OF THE SPECIES
It is a domestic cloven-hoofed animal, which resembles its ancestor – the guanaco, but with stronger constitution. The body length is 120-175cm. The adult male’s height at the shoulder is about 120cm, the females are smaller. They weigh 130-200kg. It is often possible to find the herds of llamas, which became wild again, as well as solitary animals, which joined the herds of guanaco or the groups of wild alpacas. Before the horses and sheep were brought to South America, llama was the single large domestic animal there, which was used for transportation of heavy things. A three-years-old llama male is able to carry a 50kg pack (with the own weight of no more than 75kg) and to walk the distance of 25km with this load. In mountain regions (at a height of more than 2,700m) llamas are still used as pack transport.
A herbivorous animal, which eats mainly herbaceous plants, flowers, moss.
20 years on average. Some animals lived for 25 years and longer.