|Distribution||Endemic to the island of Borneo.|
DESCRIPTION OF THE SPECIES
It is a large tailless reddish monkey with ‘philosophic’ face. The male’s height is up to 150cm, the female’s height is up to 120cm. The males weigh 60-200kg, the females weigh 40-80kg. The hands are much longer than the feet. They live solitary, only the young keep close to their mothers. Rarely, it is possible to find the groups of two females. The males stay in their own territories and don’t like strangers. The newborns weigh 1.5-2kg and eat mother’s milk till they are 3-4 years old and live together till the age of 6-8 years. This unusually long childhood is explained with the orangutan’s lifestyle: after they leave their mothers, the other orangutans stay in the family (or groups), while solitary orangutans have to be well-prepared to the independent life. It is one of the rarest primates of the world. It is in the IUCN Red List as critically endangered (CR), which is the highest risk of extinction in the wild. A big group of these rare primates is living in Feldman Ecopark.
Fruits (especially durians), leaves, and tree bark.
Orangutans are the champions in longevity among the primates: in zoos they live for 60 years and longer. The average age is 45 years.