DESCRIPTION OF THE SPECIES
It is one of the few species of flightless birds. It is the second largest bird after the ostrich. Emu reaches 150-190cm and weighs 30-55kg. The colouration of plumage is brownish, top of the head and the neck are black; there are the areas of bare skin of grey-blue colour on the head. The females are usually larger than the males and have darker plumage; the skin on their head is brighter. Strong legs with three fingers make it possible for the birds to easily travel long distances, sometimes developing a speed of 50km per hour. Emus are also excellent swimmers, and if it is possible, they bathe in any water bodies with pleasure. The male builds a nest, which is a hollow on the ground filled with leaves, twigs and grass, and the female rarely visits it. The female lays from 5 to 15 green eggs (each egg weighs 450-650g) at an interval of 2-4 days. The male incubates the laying for about 8 weeks and all this time it does not eat, drink or defecate!
Emus are omnivorous, but the ratio of animal and vegetable food in their diet may change depending on the season. They always choose the most nutritious parts of plants: seeds, fruits, flowers and young roots. In summer, they eat a great number of insects, especially caterpillars, grasshoppers and bug, as well as small vertebrates. In order to grind rough parts of food in their stomach, they swallow pebbles with the mass of up to 50g.
12-15 years in nature, up to 30 years in captivity