|Distribution||Rainforests in the eastern part of Madagascar.|
DESCRIPTION OF THE SPECIES
The largest representative of the family. The body length is 51-56cm, the tail length is 56-65. They weigh 3.3-4.5kg. It is typical for the representatives of the Varecia genus to have a distinct ‘downiness’ of the fur, which is not peculiar for the other representatives of the family (in Russian, the Varecia genus is called ‘downy lemurs’). The limbs are white, the hands and feet with fingers are black, while the fore limbs are half the length of the hind legs. The long and thick tail is black and used as a balance when climbing the trees. The black-and-white ruffed lemur is one of the most loud-voiced primates of the world and one of two species of lemurs (the second one is the red ruffed lemur) that builds nests. Therefore, unlike the other lemurs, the females never carry the young on them, but instead they put them into the nests built of leaves while they are eating. The black-and-white ruffed lemur is in the IUCN Red List as critically endangered (CR), which is the highest risk category for the species, which may be found in the nature. In Feldman Ecopark, the species breeds constantly. Black-and-white ruffed lemurs are the single representatives of the family, which give birth to 2-4 kids in one brood (the record is 6 lemurs in the Basel Zoo).
Black-and-white ruffed lemurs eat fruits, flowers and the trees they are living on with pleasure. The special treat is insects and their maggots. They almost never drink water as their food contains enough moisture.